Elegance in participatory design: Enabling design culture in landscape architecture
The quality of public space is vital to livable cities. Yet livable cities also require empowered communities. This thesis asks: how is the landscape architect’s design expertise expressed as part of the public participation process, what are the key features of design expertise that lead to an effective design-based participation process and how does quality in the participation process relate to the quality of design outcomes? A theoretical framework is developed from which to clarify the relationship between decision-making processes in design and public participation. Insights from design theory are combined with the findings of key informant interviews with New Zealand and Northern Europe design experts, and with landscape architects, community and Council staff working in post-earthquake Ōtautahi/Christchurch, Aotearoa/New Zealand. Results of a case study of Albion Square in Ōhinehou/Lyttelton reveal that the designer’s interactions with the public play a critical role in shaping elegant design outcomes in public space design. Four key insights reveal that participatory design processes in New Zealand need to be reconsidered in order to enable landscape architects to work more closely with communities in mutual learning, rather than the currently limiting technical problem solving process. Institutional, professional and theoretical implications are drawn from the findings.... [Show full abstract]
Keywordsdesign expertise; participation; participatory design; consultation; public space; liveable cities; Albion Square; post-earthquake; co-operative design; Ōhinehou; Lyttelton; Christchurch; Ōtautahi; elegant; co-design
Fields of Research12 Built Environment and Design; 16 Studies in Human Society; 1205 Urban and Regional Planning; 1201 Architecture; 120107 Landscape Architecture
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