Effect of media and fermentation conditions on surfactin and iturin homologues produced by Bacillus natto NT-6: LC–MS analysis
Sun, D.; Liao, J.; Sun, L.; Wang, Yaling; Liu, Y.; Deng, Q.; Zhang, N.; Xu, D.; Fang, Z.; Wang, Wenjing; Gooneratne, Sarojith R.
Lipopeptides possess excellent broad spectrum antimicrobial activity. Different lipopeptides have their own unique chemical structures, properties and biological activities. Quantitative analysis of the lipopeptides iturin and surfactin and their homologues produced by Bacillus natto NT–6 subjected to different culture media, shaking speed of rotary shaker, and liquid and solid fermentation methods was conducted using LC–MS. For iturins, liquid-state fermentation in Landy medium at a shaking speed of 160 r min⁻¹ was the most suitable for maximal homologue production. Addition of 0.4% attapulgite powder increased production by 1.92-fold; activated carbon significantly reduced production. For surfactin homologues, solid-state fermentation in potato dextrose broth medium at shaking speed > 160 r min⁻¹ was the best. Addition of 0.4% attapulgite powder increased production by 1.96-fold; activated carbon had no effect. Thus it is clear that fermentation conditions can be manipulated to maximize iturin and surfactin production.... [Show full abstract]