|dc.description.abstract||Changes brought about by chemical and physical weathering were investigated in a chronosequence of terrace soils near Reefton, New Zealand. The parent materials of the soil, which ranged in age from about 1000 to over 130,000 years were outwash gravels, sands and silts derived from granite (dominant) and indurated sandstone.
Variations in pH, organic matter, particle size, cation exchange properties, total Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca, Fe and Ti, poorly-ordered and organic-complexed forms of Al and Fe, and mineralogy caused by increasing duration of weathering and by short range, short term variations in the intensity of the biotic factor were determined.
It was concluded that the younger soils represented dynamic systems in which alternative weathering cycles could replace each other as the growth, death and eventual disappearance of individual red beech trees caused localised fluctuations in pH. It was further concluded that these processes would lead ultimately to the formation of gley podzols as are now found on the two oldest surfaces p and that podzolisation preceded gleying.
Attempts were made to determine if minerals of the plumbogummite group were responsible for the high proportion of soil phosphate from these soils that, on fractionation, appeared in the residual P fraction. It was found that attempts to concentrate these minerals by prolonged digestion with HF resulted in their solution, and in precipitation of complex fluorides that yielded diffraction spacings that have been mistaken for minerals of the plumbogummite group.||en