Extraction of pathogenesis-related proteins and phenolics in Sauvignon Blanc as affected by grape harvesting and processing conditions
Tian, Bin; Harrison, Roland; Morton, James D.; Jaspers, Marlene V.; Hodge, Simon; Grose, C.; Trought, Michael C.
Thaumatin-like proteins (TLPs) and chitinases are the two main groups of pathogenesisrelated (PR) proteins found in wine that cause protein haze formation. Previous studies have found that phenolics are also involved in protein haze formation. In this study, Sauvignon Blanc grapes were harvested and processed in two vintages (2011 and 2012) by three different treatments: (1) hand harvesting with whole bunch press (H-WB); (2) hand harvesting with destem/crush and 3 h skin contact (H-DC-3); and (3) machine harvesting with destem/crush and 3 h skin contact (M-DC-3). The juices were collected at three pressure levels (0.4 MPa, 0.8 MPa and 1.6 MPa), some juices were fermented in 750 mL of wine bottles to determine the bentonite requirement for the resulting wines. Results showed juices of M-DC-3 had significantly lower concentration of proteins, including PR proteins, compared to those of H-DC-3, likely due to the greater juice yield of M-DC-3 and interactions between proteins and phenolics. Juices from the 0.8–1.6 MPa pressure and resultant wines had the highest concentration of phenolics but the lowest concentration of TLPs. This supported the view that TLPs are released at low pressure as they are mainly present in grape pulp but additional extraction of phenolics largely present in skin occurs at higher pressing pressure. Wine protein stability tests showed a positive linear correlation between bentonite requirement and the concentration of chitinases, indicating the possibility of predicting bentonite requirement by quantification of chitinases. This study contributes to an improved understanding of extraction of haze-forming PR proteins and phenolics that can influence bentonite requirement for protein stabilization.... [Show full abstract]
Keywordsbentonite; harvesting; pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins; phenolics; processing; grape harvesting; Sauvignon Blanc; Organic Chemistry; Humans; Vitis; Phenols; Plant Proteins; Plant Extracts; Fermentation; Solubility; Pressure; Agriculture; Wine
Fields of Research0304 Medicinal and Biomolecular Chemistry; 0305 Organic Chemistry; 0307 Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
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