Identification of the ovine keratin-associated protein 2-1 gene and its sequence variation in four chinese sheep breeds
Wang, Jianqing; Zhou, Huitong; Hickford, Jonathan G. H.; Luo, Yuzhu; Gong, Hua; Hu, Jiang; Liu, Xiu; Li, Shaobin; Song, Yize; Ke, Na; Qiao, Lirong; Wang, Jiqing
Keratin-associated proteins are important components of wool fibers. The gene encoding the high-sulfur keratin-associated protein 2-1 has been described in humans, but it has not been described in sheep. A basic local alignment search tool nucleotide search of the Ovine Genome Assembly version 4.0 using a human keratin-associated protein 2-1 gene sequence revealed a 399-base pair open reading frame, which was clustered among nine previously identified keratin-associated protein genes on chromosome 11. Polymerase chain reaction–single strand conformation polymorphism analysis revealed four different banding patterns, with these representing four different sequences (A–D) in Chinese sheep breeds. These sequences had the highest similarity to human keratin-associated protein 2-1 gene, suggesting that they represent variants of ovine keratin-associated protein 2-1 gene. Nine single nucleotide variations were detected in the gene, including one non-synonymous nucleotide substitution. Differences in variant frequencies between fine-wool sheep breeds and coarse-wool sheep breeds were detected. The gene was found to be expressed in various tissues, with the highest expression level in skin, and moderate expression levels in heart and lung tissue. These results reveal that the ovine keratin-associated protein 2-1 gene is variable and suggest the gene might affect variation in mean fiber diameter.... [Show full abstract]
Keywordskeratin-associated protein 2-1 gene (KRTAP2-1); variation; sheep; wool traits; Alleles; Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Breeding; Gene Expression Regulation; Heart; Keratins; Keratins, Hair-Specific; Lung; Myocardium; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational; Sequence Alignment; Sheep, Domestic
Fields of Research0702 Animal Production; 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology; 060408 Genomics; 0604 Genetics
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